In July 2012, USAID/PHCPI, in partnership with the Ministry of Health MoH and the Ministry of Displaced Persons, conducted a health needs assessment of internally displaced persons (IDP) living in Iraq. The goal of this assessment was to better understand the health priorities and services needed by displaced groups, as well as to identify major barriers IDPs face in accessing care. The assessment collected data are particularly vulnerable sub-sets of the IDP population, including women of reproductive age and children under five. Teams of PHCPI-trained data collectors were able to collect data from 914 displaced households representing 4936 persons in seven IDP settlement areas in the provinces of Baghdad, Karbala, Kirkuk, Babil, Sulaimaniyah and Basrah. Information was collected from these households using a questionnaire containing questions designed specifically to understand IDP health seeking behavior and access to health services in Iraq. In-depth interviews were also conducted with health workers at the PHC clinics nearest to the IDP settlements. The data collectors for this survey were personnel from the MoH and workers from national civil societies. This assessment highlighted the overall situation of health services provision among IDPs and the need to address gaps in the delivery of quality care services. The results of this survey will be used to inform USAID/PHCPI and MoH activities focused on IDPs moving forward.